Various hypothesis have been put forward about the origin of the name SARAN. General Cunningham suggested that Saran was earlier known as SARAN or asylum which was a name given to a stupa (Pillar) built by emperor Ashoka. Another view holds that the name SARAN has been derived from SARANGA- ARANYA or the deer forest, the district being famous for its wide expanses of forest and deer in prehistoric times. The earliest authentic historical fact or record concerning this district may perhaps be related to 898 A.D which suggest that the village of Dighwara dubauli in Saran had supplied a copper plate issued in the reign of king Mahendra paldeva.
In ancient days , Modern Saran Division, formed a part of KOSALA country. The history of Saran Division is bound to be history of Kosala which included portions other than present limit of Saran Division. The kingdom of Kosala was bounded on the west by Panchala, by the river Sarpika(sai) in the south, on the east by Gandak and on the north by Nepal . The Kosala consisted of modern Faizabad, Gonda, Basti, Gorakhpur, Deoria in UP and Saran in Bihar.The historical background of the district- as available in the 'Ain-E-Akbari records Saran as one of the six Sarkars( Revenue Divisions) constituting the province of Bihar.At the time of grant of Diwani to the East India company in 1765, there were eight Sarkars including Saran and Champaran.
" 6 kos ( Devnagri unit of measurement for distance ) of area towards north, east and west from the bank of the river Ganga and Ghaghara (Saryug) upto their sangam at sonpur starting from the ashrams of Gautam rishi at Revelganj (Ahilya Asthan) and Dadhichi rishi (Dahiyawa) is known as CHHAH + PARA = CHHAPRA.
Meaning of chhapra: Chha (6) - in hindi indicates 6 bad characters / abstracts, para - stands for separate/ far
6 bads :
2) Krodh (Anger)
3) Maddh (Alcoholics)
4) Moh (Affection)
5) Lobh (greediness )
6) Ahamkar (Ego / Arrogance).
[This paragraph is contributed by Mr. Naveen Kumar] ".